Thomas Bailey1

M, #387, b. 12 March 1844, d. 18 August 1926
Last Edited=1 Feb 2014
     Thomas Bailey, son of Thomas Bailey and Sarah Clymo, was born on 12 March 1844 at District of Redruth, Subdistrict of Camborne, Cornwall, England.2,3,4 In his military pension aplication, Thomas Bailey reported that he was born on 12 March 1843. On 28 May 1913, Thomas made the following affidavit to the Pension Board:
"Thomas Bailey being first duly sworn deposes and says that he is the identical person who enlisted in Company 'C' 12th, Reg. Wis. Inft. Vol. on the 25th day of September 1861, and was discharged by reason of reinlisting at Natchez, Miss. on the 31st, day of December 1863.
"Affiant says that said discharge erroneously gives his age as 22 years.
"Affiant says that he was born on the 12th day of March 1843 in England...Affiant says there are no records, bible or otherwise, showing the date of his birth. All that he knows about his age is from memory, and from his army records. Affiant says that his final discharge as corporal of said company and regiment which is dated the 16th, day of July 1865 erroneously gives his age as being 20 years, when it should have been twenty two years. Affiant says that he is unable to furnish any other evidence that this his affidavit and his army record in regard to his age."5 He was the son of Thomas Bailey and Sarah Clymo.6

Thomas Bailey immigrated to the United States circa 1848. In his pension application, Thomas Bailey stated that he had come to the United States with his family when he was about 4 years old and that his parents died soon thereafter. So perhaps they came around 1848. At any rate, there were many people coming to Iowa County, Wisconsin at that time. In The Cornish in America by A. L. Rowse, we read:

"An interesting feature of the migration to this region is the number of families that came together...The Cornish flocked to Dodgeville in the 1840's: we find a large number of their names among the store-owners..."

"The Dodgeville Rangers when organized became Company C of the 12th Wisconsin volunteer Infantry. There was a grand demonstration at the fall of Vicksburg. The news was brought by parties frm Mineral Point driving their horses hard and yelling at the top of their voices in the night. Ben Thomas and Sam Hoskins were first aroused; everybody got up and bon-fires were lit in the street..."

Thomas Bailey was a member of these Dodgeville Rangers and Hoskins or Haskins was the name of the family with whom he was living at the time of the 1860 census.7

There is a book at the Salt Lake Family History Library, "Index of Men Who Were Born in Cornwall and Emigrated to Iowa County, WI between 1836 and 1866," compiled by Mrs. Josephine G. Natthemper, 1992. Neither Thomas Bailey (or Haskins) or the Elams are listed in it, but since that is where Thomas Bailey was born, it is likely he was joining people he knew when he himself emigrated to Iowa County, Wisconsin.8

Thomas Bailey immigrated to the United States on 29 May 1848 to New York. He was accompanied by his parents and two brothers. They arrived on the ship Roger Sherman, having departed from Falmouth and Havre, which are in Cornwall, Great Britan.9

In 1860, Thomas Bailey appeared on the United States Census, at Dodgeville, Iowa County, Wisconsin.10

Thomas Bailey. Enlisted in Wisconsin 12th Regiment Infantry, Company C, in Dodgeville, Wisconsin. He was mustered out by virtue of re-enlistment in Natchez, Mississippi on 1 January 1864. He was promoted to Corporal 1 August 1864..11

In a book edited by Peggy Singer, The Marching Twelfth, is an account of the formation, training, and experiences of the 12th Wisconsin Volunteer Infantry Regiment. This includes the siege of Vicksburg, Mississippi.12

He was mustered out as a Corporal on 16 July 1865. He was a member of the Grand Army of the Republic in Denver, Colorado. Thomas Bailey's regiment was at the siege of Vicksburg, Mississippi, and saw many other battles. The regiment history may be found at www.itd.nps.gov..13

Thomas Bailey married Jane Elam, daughter of Joseph Elam and Mary Thornton, on 21 December 1870 at Mineral Point, Iowa County, Wisconsin, In an affidavit included in the Military Pension File for Thomas Bailey, he attests to this marriage information and states that at the date of their marriage it wasn't necessary to procure a marriage license. He also states that neither he nor his wife had been remarried.

After his death, his sons Thomas E. and William N. Bailey both testified that their parents had never divorced, that they had lived together as husband and wife all of their lives.14,5,15

Thomas Bailey is referred to in History of Iowa County, Wisconsin, as "Thomas Bailey, Marshall (resigned)." It says that a marshall was not recorded prior to that date in Dodgeville, Wisconsin. By 1880 Thomas was in Colorado, so it is possible that he resigned as Marshall because of his move to Colorado.16

In 1880, Thomas Bailey appeared on the United States Census, at Erie, Weld County, Colorado.17

In 1891, Thomas Bailey apparently made his first military pension application. Included in his file is the following letter from T. W. Tallmadge, Esq., and William Noble, Superintendent, both of the Excelsior Coal Mines:

"4-29-91
Dear Sir
We the undersigned, owner and Supt. of the Excelsior Coal Mines situated at Lafayette, Colo. (Boulder Co.) do certify that we have been personally acquainted with the applicant (Thomas Bailey) for a number of years and as always proven himself be a careful honest sober industrious man. He has been in our employ for a long time and on several occasions have been to our personal knowledge compelled to lose his time and money which he would have earned to support his family through ailments contracted while in the army. Namely - Deafness on the right Ear total and very dull on the left Ear - also rupture in the Back. We can certify that these ailments have taken away the support of his family which they should have had and have been a very serious affliction. Now this man has given four years of his life in defending the principles of his country and has honorable discharges from his superior officers while acting in capacity of said duty which we would deem sufficient evidence of this applicants services. Now old age comes on his years of prime manhood are over and he finds himself going the downward road but his honesty as not allowed him to ask any recompense until now but compulsion compels it. It is our honest conviction that this applicant should be remembered and pensioned dating back to the surrender of Vicksburg and we deem him one of the most worthy that has ever come under our notice in such cases."

At the time of this 1891 application for pension, there is an affidavit from Shadrach M. Bottenfield attesting to the fact that he was personally acquainted with Thomas Bailey and that he had the disabilities of loss of hearing, back and kidney trouble.

Shadrach Bottenfield was father-in-law to Thomas Bailey's eldest daughter, Sarah Ann Bailey Bottenfield.5

In 1900, Thomas Bailey appeared on the United States Census, at Arapahoe County, Colorado, On the 1900 Census, Isaac Griffith and Mary Bailey Griffith were apparently living with her parents in Arapaho Co., Colorado. Isaac was a coal miner.18

In another application for pension Thomas Bailey attached an affidavit witnessed by James P. Miller, who stated he had known him for 20 years, and Laura Kimbach, who had known him for 6 years. In the affidavit he stated:
"that his several places of residence since leaving the service have been as follows: after discharge I went to my home in Dodgeville, Wisconsin and lived there until Dec. 1879 when I moved to Erie, Colorado and lived to about 1890. From Erie I moved to Lafayette Colorado and lived at Lafayette until about 1898 and since then have been living on a farm about 6 miles S.E. of Lafayette."5

In 1910, Thomas Bailey appeared on the United States Census, at Arapahoe County, Colorado.19

In 1920, Thomas Bailey appeared on the United States Census, at Englewood, Arapahoe County, Colorado.20

Thomas Bailey's health continued to deteriorate over these years. He had chronic prostitis and cystitis. He also had myocarditis and arterio-sclorosis. Eventually he was unable to get out of bed alone or to walk or dress himself. The deafness which began during the war in 1864 continued to increase.

In one document included in his military pension file, it is stated that Thomas Bailey had typhoid fefer in 1863 and that that was the cause of his loss of hearing.5

Thomas Bailey's wife, Jane Elam Bailey, applied for his military pension on October 1926.

Obituary reports that Thomas Bailey was a member of the Lincoln post of the G.A.R., and the Byron L. Carr post No. 14, of W.R.C.

In 1880 Thomas Bailey was listed as a bookkeeper in Erie, Weld Co., Colorado.

In 1900 Thomas Bailey was listed as a farmer in Arapaho County, Colorado.11,21,22

Thomas Bailey died on 18 August 1926 at Denver, Denver County, Colorado, at age 82. Organic heart disease was listed as the cause of death.23,24

Thomas Bailey lived on 18 August 1926 at 3523 S. Cherokee, Englewood, Arapahoe County, Colorado.2 He was buried on 22 August 1926 at Fairmount Cemetery, Denver, Denver County, Colorado.25

Children of Thomas Bailey and Jane Elam

Citations

  1. [S113] Interview with Thomas Ellsworth Arnott (informant address private) , by this researcher, 1996 to present. Notes of this interview are in the personal records of this researcher (Florence, Pinal County, Arizona).
  2. [S7] Death Certificate photocopy or digital copy is in the personal records of this researcher, Florence, Pinal County, Arizona.
  3. [S199] England and Wales, Civil Registration Index: 1837-1983, online Ancestry.com - England and Wales, Civil Registration Index: 1837-1983. Hereinafter cited as England Civil Registration.
  4. [S4] Birth Record, General Register Office, England. Certificate BXCB 421390. Certified copy given 6 January 2006. photocopy or digital copy is in the personal records of this researcher, Florence, Pinal County, Arizona.
  5. [S218] "Civil War Military Pension File", Pension Claim Number 701781; photocopy or digital copy is in the personal records of this researcher; Florence, Pinal County, Arizona. Hereinafter cited as "Bailey Pension File."
  6. [S215] Susan Bailey Ewing, "E-Mail Correspondence with Susan Bailey Ewing," E-Mail message from (author E-Mail address private) at (Keenesburg, Colorado) to this researcher, December, 2005, E-Mail received 31 Jan 2006. Hereinafter cited as "Correspondence - Susan Ewing."
  7. [S262] A. L. Rowse, The Cornish in America (Cornwall, England: Dyllansow Truran, 199?), pages 203-207.. Hereinafter cited as Cornish in America.
  8. [S232] Mrs. Josephine G. Natthemper, compiler, Index of Men Who Were Born in Cornwall and Emigrated to Iowa County, WI between 1836 and 1866 (n.p.: self published, 1992). Hereinafter cited as Cornwall Emigrants to Wisconsin.
  9. [S436] On-line database: New York, 1820-1850 Passenger and Immigration Lists,The Generations Network, Inc., 2003 On-line database, unknown repository address.
  10. [S33] 1860 United States Census, population schedule, Dodgeville, Iowa County, Wisconsin, p. 624, FHC # 0805412.; digital image by subscription, The Generations Network (http://www.ancestry.com); from the National Archives microfilm. A printed copy is in the personal records of this researcher.
  11. [S217] Civil War Military Service Records, National Archives (Washington, D.C.: U.S.Government). Hereinafter cited as Military Service Records.
  12. [S214] Peggy M. Singer, editor, The Marching Twelfth. The Story of the Twelfth Wisconsin Volunteer Infantry Regiment as Told by the Men Who Served In It (1540E Pointer Ridge Place, Bowie, Maryland 20716: Heritage Books, Inc, 2002). Hereinafter cited as Marching Twelfth.
  13. [S148] National Park Service Collections, online http://www.civilwar.nps.gov/cwss, Regimental History of 12th Regiment, Wisconsin Infantry.. Hereinafter cited as NPS Collections.
  14. [S38] Church of Latter Day Saints, Wisconsin Marriage Records, Family History Center Copies, Carlsbad Family History Center, Carlsbad, Eddy County, New Mexico, FHC Film #1903860. Hereinafter cited as Wisconsin Marriage Records.
  15. [S16] Marriage Record, Wisconsin certificate number 01647 photocopy or digital copy is in the personal records of this researcher, Florence, Pinal County, Arizona.
  16. [S261] Genealogical Society of Utah, History of Iowa County, Wisconsin (Chcago, IL: Western Historical Company), FHC film number 1036214, item 4, page 736.. Hereinafter cited as History of Iowa County, WI.
  17. [S35] 1880 United States Census, population schedule, Erie, Weld County, CO. Enumeration District 110, Page 505. Listed as a bookkeeper.; digital image by subscription, The Generations Network (http://www.ancestry.com); from the National Archives microfilm. A printed copy is in the personal records of this researcher.
  18. [S1] 1900 United States Census, population schedule, Arapaho County, Colorado. Enumeration District 135, sheet 10. Listed as a farmer.; digital image by subscription, The Generations Network (http://www.ancestry.com); from the National Archives microfilm. A printed copy is in the personal records of this researcher.
  19. [S2] 1910 United States Census, population schedule, Arapahoe County, Colorado, p. 77b, family 60.; digital image by subscription, The Generations Network (http://www.ancestry.com); from the National Archives microfilm. A printed copy is in the personal records of this researcher.
  20. [S3] 1920 United States Census, population schedule, Englewood, Arapahoe County, Colorado, p. 170, family 382.; digital image by subscription, The Generations Network (http://www.ancestry.com); from the National Archives microfilm. A printed copy is in the personal records of this researcher.
  21. [S1] 1900 United States Census, population schedule; digital image by subscription, The Generations Network (http://www.ancestry.com); from the National Archives microfilm. A printed copy is in the personal records of this researcher.
  22. [S36] Newspaper Obituary, unknown newspaper photocopy or digital copy is in the personal records of this researcher, Florence, Pinal County, Arizona.
  23. [S7] Death Certificate, Colorado # SL01113611 photocopy or digital copy is in the personal records of this researcher, Florence, Pinal County, Arizona.
  24. [S36] Newspaper Obituary, unknown newspaper, Denver Post, Firday, August 20, 1926., photocopy or digital copy is in the personal records of this researcher, Florence, Pinal County, Arizona.
  25. [S26] Cemetery Headstone A Photograph is in the personal records of this researcher, Florence, Pinal County, Arizona.