Richard Nathaniel Hainsworth1

M, #668, b. 1818, d. 1859
Last Edited=9 Jun 2014
     H. H. Daniel in William Ruffin Family History, 1977, says:

     "The Ainsworth name means Fearless Courage. The Ainsworth name started in 1396 in Lancaster England. The first Ainsworth was named John Ainsworth. The first Ainsworth that sailed to the United States was Daniel and his wife Alice in 1647. They didn't have any children. Daniel later sent back to England for two of his nephews, Edward and Anchor to come to the United States.

     The ship they sailed on wrecked off the coast of Georgia about one mile from shore. Anchor Ainsworth and the other passengers drowned. Edward swam to the shore and crept into a crevice in a rock. This rock is called the stranger's rock to this day. Edward spent the night in this rock crevice and kept the wolves away during the night by striking a flint with his jack knife. The next morning Edward swam back to the ship, made a raft from parts of the wrecked ship. He found guns and amminition (sic) and some food on the ship and traveled up the coast line until he found a settlement and that is where the Ainsworth family started from that is Roxbury, Mass.

     Edward Ainsworth was born in Lancaster, England in 1652 and sailed to the United States, married in Roxbury, Mass. to Joanna Hemingway the 11th of January 1687. Joanna was the daughter of Joshua and Joanna Evans Hemingway. Edward and Joanna had fourteen children. They moved to Woodstock, Conn. in 1702 and died there. Edward died the 5th of March 1740, Joanna was born 21 Sept. 1670 and died 23rd of December 1748...

This book lists the 14 children of Edward and Joanna Hemingway Ainsworth. It also gives the descendants of James and William who married Ruffin sisters, including these descendants Civil War service.

If the author is correct, it is possible that these Ainsworths descended from brothers to this Richard Nathaniel Hainsworth and migrated possibly at the same time to the Jasper County, Mississippi area.

     Part of the Ainsworth family moved to South Carolina and that is where Thomas Ainsworth was born, but I've failed to find who his father was. Thomas moved to Alabama then on to Mississippi after the War of 1812.

     Thomas Ainsworth was born in S.C. and married Sarah Finch. Thomas was in the War of 1812 and was living in Alabama James Ainsworth and William Ainsworth were sons of Thomas and Sarah and were born in Ala. Thomas's family moved to Miss. in the 1820's.

     James and William Ainsworth married sisters, Amanda and Martha Ruffin..."2 Richard Nathaniel Hainsworth, son of Thomas Hainsworth and Sarah Finch, was born in 1818 at Alabama.3 Richard Nathaniel Hainsworth was the son of Thomas Hainsworth and Sarah Finch.1

Researcher Lucille Dickinson Ainsworth in "Our Ainsworth Heritage 1758-1988" believes that Richard Nathaniel Ainsworth is a son of Thomas Ainsworth and Sarah Finch.1

"Nathaniel Hainsworth was in Washington County in 1838. On 18 August 1838, he executed a deed of trust, naming his four minor children, Elizabeth C., Arbivilla, James W. and Barton G. Hainsworth. This legal document names his brother, Joab, guardian over the children. Nathaniel states he plans to leave the state of Alabama for awhile to reside in Louisiana."

Also 10 January, 1838, Nathaniel Hainsworth was Bondsman for the marriage of John B. Shoemaker and Charity C. Duckworth.1,4

In 1840, Richard Nathaniel Hainsworth appeared on the United States Census, at Washington County, Alabama, Listed on this census are 4 males under 5, 1 male 5-10, 1 male 20-30, 2 females 5-10, 2 females 20-30.5

Richard Nathaniel Hainsworth married Mariah Jane Sellers in 1841.6,3

In 1854, he purchased a tract of land, located approximately 1 1/2 miles west of Bay Springs, Mississippi. It is on the north side of Highway 18 near the Mt. Nebo Cemetery.1

Richard Nathaniel Hainsworth died in 1859 at Jasper County, Mississippi. His wife and family are listed on the 1860 census without him.7

The Eastern Clarion Ledger Newspaper, 14 Sep 1859:
"Administrator's Notice:
     In the Probate Court of Jasper County Mississippi; To Matilda Barclay and all other persons interested in the final settlement of the Estate of Nathaniel Ainsworth, deceased. Take notice that the undersigned administrator of the estate of Nathaniel Ainsworth, deceased, has presented a final account of the administration of said estate to the Probate Court of Jasper County Mississippi and will at the next November term A.D. 1859, thereof, apply for it's audition and allowance.
          September 14, 1859
          Allen Gunter, Administrator"
The property was sold to Allen Gunter by the heirs.1

Child of Richard Nathaniel Hainsworth

Children of Richard Nathaniel Hainsworth and Mariah Jane Sellers


  1. [S19] Lucille Dickinson Ainsworth, Our Ainsworth Heritage 1758 - 1988, Lucille Dickinson Ainsworth (Mississippi: Self Published, 1988). Hereinafter cited as Our Ainsworth Heritage.
  2. [S104] H. H. Daniel, William Ruffin Family History (unlisted: Self Published, 1977). Hereinafter cited as William Ruffin Family History.
  3. [S28] Patricia and Edwards, Patricia N. Strickland, compiler, Who Married Whom in Jasper Co., Mississippi (P.O. Box 5147, Moss Point, MS 39563: Self published, 1994), page 3.. Hereinafter cited as Who Married Whom in Jasper Co.
  4. [S200] Mrs. Barbara and Brown, Mrs. Doris Waddell, compiler, Marriage Records of Washington County, Alabama 1826-1873, Volume 1 (Chatom, Alabama: Waddell and Brown, 1988), Marriabe book B, page 8.. Hereinafter cited as Marriage Records of WA Cty, AL.
  5. [S57] 1840 United States Census, population schedule, Washington County, Alabama, p. 281.; digital image by subscription, The Generations Network (; from the National Archives microfilm. A printed copy is in the personal records of this researcher.
  6. [S170] Diane Kelland, "E-Mail Correspondence with Diane Kelland," E-Mail message from (author E-Mail address private) at (unknown address) to this researcher, 28 October 2002 and following. Hereinafter cited as "Correspondence - Diane Kelland."
  7. [S33] 1860 United States Census, population schedule; digital image by subscription, The Generations Network (; from the National Archives microfilm. A printed copy is in the personal records of this researcher.